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2018年考研英语一真题——完型填空

发布于 2018-05-11 16:40  编辑:Ywen
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2018年考研英语一真题——完型填空


Section I Use of English

Directions:

Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)


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Trust is a tricky business。 On the one hand, it's a necessary condition _1_ many worthwhile things: child care, friendships, etc。 On the other hand, putting your _2_, in the wrong place often carries a high _3_。


_4_, why do we trust at all? Well, because it feels good。 _5_ people place their trust in an individual or an institution, their brains release oxytocin, a hormone that _6_ pleasurable feelings and triggers the herding instruct that prompts humans to _7_ with one another。 Scientists have found that exposure _8_ this hormone puts us in a trusting _9_: In a Swiss study, researchers sprayed oxytocin into the noses of half the subjects; those subjects were ready to lend significantly higher amounts of money to strangers than were their _10_ who inhaled something else。


_11_ for us, we also have a sixth sense for dishonesty that may _12_ us。 A Canadian study found that children as young as 14 months can differentiate _13_ a credible person and a dishonest one。 Sixty toddlers were each _14_ to an adult tester holding a plastic container。 The tester would ask, “What’s in here?” before looking into the container, smiling, and exclaiming, “Wow!” Each subject was then invited to look _15_。 Half of them found a toy; the other half _16_ the container was empty-and realized the tester had _17_ them。


Among the children who had not been tricked, the majority were _18_ to cooperate with the tester in learning a new skill, demonstrating that they trusted his leadership. _19_, only five of the 30 children paired with the “_20_”tester participated in a follow-up activity.


(1)。____

A. on

B. like

C。 for

D。 from

参考答案:B


(2)。 ____

A。 faith

B. concern

C. attention

D. interest

参考答案:C


(3)。 ____

A。 benefit

B。 debt

C. hope

D. price

参考答案:B


(4). ____

A. Therefore

B。 Then

C。 Instead

D. Again

参考答案:D


(5). ____

A.Until

B。 Unless

C. Although

D. When

参考答案:A


(6)。____

A.selects

B.produces

C.applies

D. maintains

参考答案:C


(7)。____

A。 consult

B. compete

C. connect

D. compare

参考答案:A


(8)。 ____

A。 at

B。 by

C。of

D。to

参考答案:B


(9).____

A. context

B. mood

C。 period

D. circle

参考答案:D


(10).____

A。 counterparts

B. substitutes

C。 colleagues

D.supporters

参考答案:A


(11).____

A. Funny

B。 Lucky

C. Odd

D. Ironic

参考答案:C


(12).____

A。 monitor

B. protect

C。 surprise

D. delight

参考答案:A


(13).____

A。 between

B. within

C。 toward

D。 over

参考答案:D


(14)。____

A. transferred

B。 added

C. introduced

D。 entrusted

参考答案:C


(15)。____

A. out

B. back

C. around

D. Inside

参考答案:B


(16)。____

A. discovered

B. proved

C。 insisted

D。 。remembered

参考答案:D


(17).____

A。 betrayed

B.wronged

C. fooled

D。 mocked

参考答案:A


(18).____

A. forced

B。 willing

C。 hesitant

D. entitled

参考答案:B


(19).____

A. In contrast

B。 As a result

C. On the whole

D。 For instance

参考答案:D


(20).____

A. inflexible

B. incapable

C. unreliable

D. unsuitable

参考答案:C


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