CATTI二级笔译:词汇与语法练习(一)

发布于 2018-04-13 09:40  编辑:Claire
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1.The power was bombed by the American planes and it threw the whole city into darkness.

A. mill B. factory C. works D. plant


2。Many of his friends felt offended because he was very about his whereabouts。

A. confidential B. secretive C. stealthy D. private


3.When the bank clerk asked her: ‘What do you want?’, she was very puzzled and could not understanD.

A. denominations B. names C. kinds D. commands


4.Jansen’s wife did not touch any food made of flour because she said she was to wheat produce.

A。 sensitive B。 allergic C。 perceptive D。 responsive


5.She was dumfounded when the doctor told her that the tumor was in fact .

A。 malicious B。 vicious C。 bad D。 malignant


6.Dr. Smith is an expert in decoration and he has had many contracts with the first-class hotels in town.

A. interior B. internal C. indoor D. intrinsic


7。He was told that the of luggage for Air China is 20 kilos。

A。 permission B。 grant C。 approval D。 allowance


8.Since he did not have money to buy a new desk for his study, he an old table for a desk.

A。 adjusted B。 modified C。 acclimatized D。 adapted


9. What the project needs is a professional, a man of , who knows its long-term benefits.

A. sight B. vision C. view D. visibility


10.The discussion went sour when Joe got . Tom returned with very bitterly acrimonious language.

A。 individual B。 personal C。 relational D。 familiar


11.All his hope to make up for the losses in the previous gamble shattered when Manchester United in the quarterfinal.

A. beat B. got beaten C. has beaten D. has been beat


12.As for next year’s campaign, the overall plan has been worked out but .

A。 the details have not been gone down to

B. we have not gone down to details

C. the details are not gone down to

D. the details are going down to


13.When the parents are on business trip abroad, .

A. their little boy is taken care of by the secretary

B. their little boy has taken care of by the secretary

C. the secretary has care taken of the little boy

D. the little boy’s care is taken of by the secretary


14.It was Watt’s great invention of the steam that triggered the industrial revolution and transformed the face of the earth.

A. apparatus B. device C. engine D. machine


15.When the demonstrators reached the Presidential Palace the well-armed anti-riot police charged into the crowds and the gathering.

A. diffused B. separated C. dispersed D. disseminated


16。The derailed train rushed through the corn field, swept over a row of shanties and finally ground to a 。

A. cease B. stop C. check D. arrest


17.During their stay in the camp all the children received some training in the basic first skills.

A. help B. support C. aid D. assistance


18.In a way the people themselves are to blame for their disaster because they placed a blind faith in their leader who proved to be a fundamentally evil person.

A。 supreme B。 highest C。 uppermost D。 maximal


19.Some of the great stars in the age of films saw their successful career suddenly broken by the invention of talking film.

A. noiseless B. quiet C. silent D. speechless


20。For all the sophistication of the design the multi-billion project failed, because the engineers a tiny technical detail in the heat protection system and the accumulated heat during the flight finally led to the explosion。

A。 ignored B。 disregarded C。 mistook D。 neglected



参考答案:

1。D

power plant为常见搭配,表示“发电厂”;

mill:磨坊,磨粉厂;〔生产棉纱、布匹、钢铁等的〕工厂,制造厂;

factory泛指工厂;

works:a works is a place where something is manufactured or where an industrial process is carried out.

2.B

confidential:保密的,机密的,常见搭配为保密信息或文件;

secretive:指人或组织守口如瓶;

stealthy:悄悄的,鬼鬼祟祟的。Stealthy actions or movements are performed quietly and carefully, so that no one will notice what you are doing.

private:秘密的,私密的,常指不愿意向他人吐露的想法或情感。

3。A

denominations表示“面值”的意思,符合原文意思。

4。B

allergic to:对。。。过敏

5.D

malignant:〔癌症等疾病〕恶性的,致命的;malicious:怀有恶意的,恶毒的;a malicious girl 恶毒的女孩

6。A

interior decoration:室内装修,固定说法。

7.D

allowance of luggage:行李的限重

8.D

adapt:to change something to make it suitable for a different purpose改造,改装

adjust:调整,调节

acclimatize:to become used to a new place, situation, or type of weather, or to make someone become used to it(使)适应

modify:to make small changes to something in order to improve it and make it more suitable or effective〔略微地〕修改,更改,改进,改造

9.B

a man of vision:有眼光/远见的人

10。B

get personal:进行人身攻击

go sour:(建议等)不受欢迎;(计划等)出了毛病;变酸

11.B

get beaten表示被动的概念,相当于be beaten,d选项时态错误,应该用had been beat。

12。B

get down to意思是“开始认真考虑;着手处理”,一般用人做主语,用主动。

13.A

首先,应该用一般现在时,take care of表示照顾、照料,常用表达。

14.C

steam engine蒸汽机,固定表达。

apparatus表示“设备、装置”时前面往往有功能或特性定语,比如呼吸器具:breathing apparatus。

device表示“设备、装置”时为可数名词,表示泛指。

machine多种工厂里的“机器”。

15.C

diffuse:减弱,平息〔不良情绪或局面〕。

separate:把…隔开,常用搭配:separate sth from sth。

disperse:分散;驱散(人群)。

disseminate:散布,广泛传播〔信息或观点〕。

16。B

ground to a stop为固定搭配,表示“停止”。

17。C

first aid表示“急救”,为固定搭配。

18.A

supreme:(权力、重要性或影响力)最高的,至高无上的。

highest多表示“高度”,如果要表示身份、地位高,后边需要加词,如highest-ranking。

uppermost表示“最重要的”,多指sth,表示“最高的”时往往指高度的概念。

maximal表示“最大的;最大限度的”。

19.C

silent film为固定说法,意思是“无声电影”或“默片”。

noiseless表示“无噪音的”、“声音很轻的”。

quiet表示“轻声的;安静的”。

speechless表示“(因愤怒、难过等)说不出话的,哑口无言的”。

20.D

for all意思是“虽然、尽管”。

neglect表示“疏忽,没有给予足够的注意”。

ignore表示“(故意对知道的事)置之不理”。

mistake表示“(行为、看法、言辞等上的)错误”。

disregard表示“忽视,轻视”。

根据句意,这里应该是:工程师对一些技术细节没有给予足够的重视,所以选neglect。




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