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     The good news is that today's teenagers are __1__ readers and prolific ( 多产的 )writers. The bad news is that what they are reading and writing are text messages.
     According to a survey done last year by Nielsen, Americans between the ages of 13 and 17 send and receive an ___2__ of 3,339 texts per month. Teenage girls send andreceive more than 4,000. It's an unmissable trend. Even if you don't have teenage kids,you'll see other people's __3__ slouching (无精打采地站立或行动 ) around, eyesaverted, tapping away,4 of their surroundings.
     Half of today's teenagers __5__ don't read books--except when they're made to.
     According to the most recent survey by the National Endowment for the Arts, the __6__ ofAmericans between the ages of 18 and 24 who read a book not required at school or atwork is now 50.7 percent, the lowest for any adult age group younger than 75, and downfrom 59 percent 20 years ago.
Why does this __7__ ? For two reasons: First, we are __8__ behind more-literatesocieties. According to the results of the Organization for Economic Cooperation andDevelopment's most recent Program for International Student Assessment, the __9__ inreading ability between the 15-year-olds in the Shanghai district of China and those in theUnited States is now as big as the gap between the U.S. and Serbia or Chile. But the moreimportant reason is that children who don't read are __10__ from the civilization of theirancestors.
    So, welcome to book camp, kids. 
A.absolutely   
B.average  
C.derive 
D.enthusiastic 
E.Fall 
F.Gap 
G.Hardly 
H.Ignorant 
I.Lagging 
J.Matter 
K.normally 
L.Offspring 
M.Proportion 
N.Separated 
O.unaware 

1.[选词填空]
    • 解题思路:根据空格前的the和空格后的介词of可以判断,此处应填入一个名词。该句的主干为the_______…is now 50.7 percent,可见50.7 percent为表语,主语是空格处需要填入的内容。备选名词中,能够与50.7 percent对应的只有proportion“比例”一词,故选M。
    2.[选词填空]
      • 解题思路:根据空格前的系动词are和空格后的behind可以判断,此处应填入一个动词的现在分词。备选词汇中lagging意为“落后”,且常与behind搭配在一起使用,符合此处语境,故选I。
      3.[选词填空]
        • 解题思路:根据空格前的people’s和空格后的slouching around可以判断,此处需要填入一个名词,且表示人物。备选词汇中只有offspring“后代,子孙”符合此处语境,故选L。
        4.[选词填空]
          • 解题思路:根据空格前的定冠词the和空格后的介词短语in readingability可以判断,此处需要填入一个名词,且该名词后须能接介词in。备选词汇中只有gap“间隔;差距”符合此处语境,故选F。gap in reading ability意为“在阅读能力方面的差异”。
          5.[选词填空]
            • 解题思路:根据空格前的冠词an可判断此处应填入一个名词的单数形式,且该名词以元音开头,备选词汇中offspring意为“后代,子孙”,用在此处语义不通,可排除。average“平均”符合此处语境,an average of为常用搭配,意为“平均……”,故选B。
            6.[选词填空]
              • 解题思路:根据空格所在前的系动词are和空格后的介词from可以判断,此处应填入一个形容词或者表被动语态的动词的过去分词,且该词须能和from搭配使用。备选词汇中只有separated“分开,隔开”符合此处语境,故选N。
              7.[选词填空]
                • 解题思路:空格所在的句子结构完整,不缺少任何句子成分,由空格前后的内容可以判断,此处应填入一个副词,对don’t readbooks这一动作进行修饰。由该句破折号后面的内容可知,现今半数的青少年只是在逼迫之下才会阅读。由此可知,备选词汇中,absolutely“绝对地”不符合此处语境。hardly意为“几乎不”,与空格后的don’t语义重复,故排除。normally意为“通常地”,用在此处语义通顺,故选K。
                8.[选词填空]
                  • 解题思路:空格所在的分句前用了逗号与前文隔开,空格后为oftheir surroundings,由此可以判断,此处需要填入一个形容词,与of搭配使用。该句中提到,即使你没有十几岁的孩子,你也会看到别人家的孩子没精打采地四处乱转,眼神飘忽不定,手指敲击着键盘,由此可见,该句描述的是十几岁孩子过度沉浸于发送信息,而对其周围的环境全然没有意识。因而,备选词汇中unaware“未察觉的”符合此处语境,故选O
                  9.[选词填空]
                    • 解题思路:空格所在的句子缺少动词,此处需要填入—个动词的原形。从上下文来看,此处为一个设问句,该句后面的内容对该问句给出了答复,说明了儿童和青少年需要进行阅读的原因,由此可以判断,空格处填入marer“关系重大”最符合语境,故选J。derive意为“源自;得到”,用在此处语义不通顺,可排除。
                    10.[选词填空]
                      • 解题思路:根据空格前的系动词are和空格后的readers andprolific writers可以判断,此处需要填入一个表示褒义的形容词,以修饰readers,与prolific“多产的”相照应。备选词汇中enthusiastic意为“热情的”,用在此处符合语义,故选D。
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                      • 参考答案:M,I,L,F,B,N,K,O,J,D
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