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    The fitness movement that began in the late 1960s and early 1970s centered around aerobic exercise (有氧操). Millions of individuals became engaged in a variety of aerobic activities, and literally thousands of health spas developed around the country to capitalize (获利) on this emerging interest in fitness, particularly aerobic dancing for females. A number of fitness spas existed prior to this aerobic fitness movement, even a national chain with spas in most major cities. However, their focus was not on aerobics, but rather on weight-training programs designed to develop muscular mass, strength, and endurance in their primarily male enthusiasts. These fitness spas did not seem to benefit financially from the aerobic fitness movement to better health, since medical opinion suggested that weight-training programs offered few, if any, health benefits. Many current programs focus not only on developing muscular strength and endurance but on aerobic fitness as well.
  Historically, most physical-fitness tests have usually included measures of muscular strength and endurance, not for health-related reasons, but primarily because such fitness components have been related to performance in athletics. However, in recent years, evidence has shown that training programs designed primarily to improve muscular strength and endurance might also offer some health benefits as well. The American College of Sports Medicine now recommends that weight training be part of a total fitness program for healthy Americans. Increased participation in such training is one of the specific physical activity and fitness objectives of Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives.

1.[单选题]The word "spas" (Line 3, Para.1) most probably refers to _____.
  • A.sports activities
  • B.places for physical exercise
  • C.recreation centers
  • D.athletic training programs
  • 解题思路:词义题。从第一段我们发现与spas相关上下文的几个词语①capitalize(获利)②benefit financially(在金钱上获利)③national chain spas(全国连锁组织),从这些词语来看spas一词是什么:经济上能赚钱的在全国有经营的连锁性的赢利的商业性体育锻炼的地方,类似体育馆、体育健身活动中心等,总之场所是关键的了。这样A、D两项就自行否决了,既然是体育活动场所,当然C项娱乐中心不成立了,因此只有B项体育锻炼的场所最为恰当了。故B为答案。
2.[单选题]Recent studies have suggested that weight training_____.
  • A.has become an essential part of people’s life
  • B.may well affect the health of the trainees
  • C.will attract more people in the days to come
  • D.contributes to health improvement as well
  • 解题思路:细节题。依据第二段第二句说,近几年来,有证据表明,原文设计为增进肌肉力量和耐力的举重锻炼对人的健康也有好处,这与D项相符,故D为答案。
3.[单选题]What was the attitude of doctors towards weight training in health improvement?
  • A.Positive.
  • B.Indifferent.
  • C.Negative.
  • D.Cautious.
  • 解题思路:态度题。第一段倒数第三句说医生的意见认为举重培训几乎不提供什么好处,由此看出医生对这种健身锻炼的看法,既无赞扬也无批评,只是说对健身的好处很少,所以还是较为慎重的,因此D项的谨慎为答案。
4.[单选题]Early fitness spas were intended mainly for_____
  • A.the promotion of aerobic exercise
  • B.endurance and muscular development
  • C.the improvement of women’s figures
  • D.better performance in aerobic dancing
  • 解题思路:细节题。第一段第四句说很多健身中心在有氧运动之前就存在了,他们的重点不是放在有氧活动上,而是放在举重锻炼的活动培训上,即原本设计为强化和发展肌肉。这与B项意思相同,故B为答案。
5.[单选题]People were given physical fitness tests in order to find out_____.
  • A.how well they could do in athletics
  • B.what their health condition was like
  • C.what kind of fitness center was suitable for them
  • D.whether they were fit for aerobic exercise
  • 解题思路:细节题。人们进行健康检查目的在于想发现什么呢?末段首句说,从历史上来看,大多数健康检查通常包括肌肉力量和耐力,最初像肌肉力量和耐力这样的健康成分与运动员的行为相关,就是说,作为运动员,这两项是检查的范围,这与A项意思相同而与其他项不符,故A为答案。
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  • 参考答案:B,D,D,B,A
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