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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section C】
试题内容

     Exchange a glance with someone,then look away. Do you realize that you have made a statement? Hold the glance for a second longer,and you have made a different statement. Hold it for 3 seconds,and the meaning has changed again. For every social situation,there is a permissible time that you can hold a person’s gaze without being intimate,rude,or aggressive. If you are on an elevator,what gaze-time are you permitted? To answer this question,consider what you typically do. You very likely give other passengers a quick glance to size them up(打量)and to assure them that you mean no threat. Since being close to another person signals the possibility of interaction,you need to emit a signal telling others you want to be left alone. So you cut off eye contact,what sociologist Erving Goffman(1963)calls“a dimming of the lights”. You look down at the floor,at the indicator lights,anywhere but into another passenger’s eyes. Should you break the rule against stating at a stranger on an elevator,you will make the other person exceedingly unc6mfortable,and you are likely to feel a bit strange yourself. 
     If you hold eye contact for more than 3 seconds,what are you telling another person? Much depends on the person and the situation. For instance,a man and a woman communicate interest in this manner. They typically gaze at each other for about 3 seconds at a time,then drop their eyes down for 3 seconds,before letting their eyes meet again. But if one man gives another man a 3-second-plus stare,he signals,“I know you”. “I aln interested in you”or“You look peculiar and I am curious about you”. This type of stare often produces hostile feelings. 

1.[单选题]If one is looked at by a stranger for too long,he tends to feel __________.
  • A.depressed
  • B.uneasy
  • C.curious
  • D.amused
  • 解题思路:细节题。依据文章第一段最后一句“Should you break the rule against staringat a stranger on an elevator,you will make theother person exceedingly uncomfortable,andyou are likely to feel a bit strange yourself. ”可以得出,B.项uneasy(不自在)与uncomfort-able相吻合,故为正确答案。A.depressed“沮丧”,C.curious“好奇”,D.amused“有趣,好玩”均不符合题意,可排除。
2.[单选题]If you want to be left alone on an elevator,the best thing to do is __________.
  • A.to look into another passenger’s eyes
  • B.to avoid eye contact with other passengers
  • C.to signal you are not a threat to anyone
  • D.to keep a distance from other passengers
  • 解题思路:细节题。本题的问题是:如果你想在电梯里不被干扰,那么最好是……依据文章第一段“you need to emit a signal telling others you want to be left alone. So you cutoff eye contact”,可知B.项符合题意,是正确答案。
3.[单选题]By“a dimming of the lights”(Para. 1,Line 8-9)Erving Goffman means“__________”.
  • A.closing one’s eyes
  • B.turning off the lights
  • C.ceasing to glance at others
  • D.reducing gaze-time to the minimum
  • 解题思路:语义题。根据a dimming ofthelights的上文“So you cut off eye contact…”以及下文“You look down at the floor,at the indicator lights,anywhere but into anotherpassenger’S eyes”(你可以低头看地板,可以看电梯指示灯,可以看任何地方,就是不能看另一个人的眼睛),可以猜测该题答案为C.
4.[单选题]The passage mainly discusses__________.
  • A.the limitations of eye contact
  • B.the exchange of ideas through eye contact
  • C.proper behavior in different situations
  • D.the role of eye contact in interpersonal communication
  • 解题思路:主旨题。“the role of eye con—tact in interpersonal communication”恰如其分地概括了文章所讨论的主题。选项A.、B.与文章无关,选项C.范围过大,且包含文章没有涉及的信息,因此,A、B、C.都应排除。
5.[单选题]It can be inferred from the first paragraph that __________.
  • A.every glance has its significance.
  • B.staring at a person is an expression of interest
  • C.a gaze longer than 3 seconds is unacceptable
  • D.a glance conveys more meaning than words
  • 解题思路:依据文章第一段,特别是开头“Exchange a glance with someone,then look away. Do you realize that you havemade a statement?Hold the glance for a second longer,and you have made a different statement. Hold it for 3 seconds,and the meaninghas changed again. ”可以推断出,每一瞥都有它各自的含义,所以A.正确,文章并没有涉及眼神和话语两者传递信息的比较,故D.可排除。B.和C.与题意不符。
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  • 参考答案:B,B,C,D,A
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