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Dogs Make Employees More Productive at Work[A] Leib Lurie never intended for his company, message delivery service One Call Now, to be pet-friendly. But his dog, Ivy, had other ideas. Five years ago, the German shepherd showed up unexpectedly at One Call Now's Troy, Ohio-based office -- a 1.5-mile hike from Lurie's home. When he continued to make the trip each day he wasn't brought to the office, Lurie realized it was time for a change in company policy. Today, four or five employee's dogs, as well as a variety of fish, birds, and other caged animals join Ivy in the office daily to make One Call Now a workingman's exhibition of animals. "They're not very good at sending voice messages," Lurie jokes of the pets in his office. "But we've gotten them down with using the computer, at least the point part."
[B] One Call Now joins a growing force of companies across the United States to welcome pets in the workplace. While only 17 percent of US employers currently allow animals in the workplace, according to a survey from the American Pet Products Manufacturers Association, pet-friendly, often specifically dog-friendly, environments are building steam. From major companies like" Google, Zynga, and Amazon. corn to growing start-ups, more and more canine(犬科动物) companions are showing up to work.
[C] For many entrepreneurs, the origin of a dog-friendly environment begins long before offices enter the picture. "My dog, Blueberry, was the founding dog," explains Randy Hetrik, founder of TRX Training. "Literally, it was him and me before any other people came in, so he takes great pride in what we've accomplished." As Hetrik built his company, he never forgot his first partner. Today, up to ten dogs wander with Blueberry through the four floors of TRX's San Francisco office. Many pet-friendly work environments develop as a part of the company's larger mission or company culture. After spending years in uptight corporate climates, Nancy Squires founded her own consulting firm, The Squires Group, with a distinctly homely atmosphere, which included her two Italian dogs. Marketing software company G5's dog-friendliness fits into the animal-friendly climate of their mountain town Bend, Oregon, as well as the company's own cultural backbone. "We try to have a culture that promotes freedom for
the employees and helps them thrive," says G5 CEO Dan Hobin. "If that involves bringing your dog to work, bring your dog to work."
[D] Having dogs underfoot might seem to some like a distraction, but advocates of animals in the workplace see quite the opposite. Dogs in the office foster friendlier, more collaborative(协作的. work environments. At G5, this includes dogs posing as mascots (吉祥物) for the company's various divisions. "Everyone rallies around the dogs," Hobin says.
[E] Employees surrounded by dogs also have a tendency to rally around their jobs. According to a survey of 50 small and large companies by the American Pet Products Manufacturers Association in 2008, companies that allow pets in the workplace see a lower rate of employee absenteeism (旷工) and more willingness to work longer hours. "There are a lot of people who know they have to spend extra hours at work, particularly in this economic climate," says Debrah Schnackenberg, vice president of emergency services for the American Humane Association. "People feel comfortable spending that extra hour or two at the office when they know their dog is right there with them."
[F] Dog-friendliness may generate more loyalty for the company as a whole. In the last two years, One Call Now has seen a two or three percent turnover rate. Lurie attributes this small numberin part to the office pets. "You ask someone who is in a $12-an-hour job, 'Would you work anywhere else?' And they say, 'No way.' Where else could I bring my dog to work?" he says. This sense of loyalty stems from a simple concept: Dogs make people happy. "They're always happy to. see you, they're happy for the smallest things, and they're ever optimistic," says Hetrik. "Having a dog wandering around just seems to make people smile."
[G] In high-performance or high-stress work environments, dogs can not only spread smiles but also ease tension. Taking a walk, practising a trick, or even absentmindedly scratching a dog behind the ear allows even the most worked-up employee to relax and feel refreshed. "It's their cigarette," says Squires. "The dogs are a sense of peace, gentleness, a diversion, something other than what we define as work. I think it's a great break."
[H] And, a dog break is certainly healthier than a smoke break. Numerous studies have shown that having the companionship or even being in the presence of a pet, for instance in the workplace, lowers blood pressure while heightening the hormone linked to maternal (母亲的) bonding. Such an emotional connection is healthy for your dog as well. "Dogs bond to their humans and would rather be with them than not," says Schnackenberg. "From an emotional well-being perspective, it's healthy for a dog to be with their owner throughout the day."
[I] With their many attributes and benefits, dogs play a critical role in pet-friendly company's hiring processes. All of the companies mentioned previously and many more like them use their dogs in the interview process to introduce potential employees to the corporate climate. Their reactions to the animals also serve as a compatibility test. "I've never met a dog-friendly person who wasn't a customer-friendly person," says Lurie. "And we hire customer-friendly people."[J] The dog un-friendly or the allergenic (引起过敏症的), however, need not apply. "You try to build a company of people who can rally around a vision, and dogs play a part of that," Hetrik says. "People who look at that and say how smelly or hairy or whatever probably aren't people that are going to mold well into the casual, rough and tumble, work hard, play hard in the work environment that I've created."
[K] The Squires Group maintains a similar principle. "If people don't do dogs, there may be another part of the company they don't do," Squires says. "I'm not saying they're bad people or that they wouldn't be great for other companies, but they wouldn't fit our company greatly."
[L] Companies considering introducing a dog-friendly work environment should consider adopting a pet policy. When advising companies in this transition, the American Human Association suggests highlighting clear rules about when you can bring your dog in, what behaviour is expected, and what happens when the pet or person does not conform to those rules.
[M] Many small companies adopt these advised policies, but govern their pets in a more casual manner. After a few minor "accidents", G5's HR Department developed a detailed pet policy to include in the company handbook. "I don't think I actually ever read it," admits Hobin. "In short, though, the policy is to be responsible and respectful."
[N] At TRX, dogs are under the same considerations as people. "You wouldn't tolerate a lot of barking, snapping and snarling (咆哮)from the people you work with," Hetrik says. "Neither should you tolerate it from the dogs they bring to work. We're pretty clear on all that." Growing companies should also be flexible to change the stipulations in their policy as they develop.
[O] Adjustments to the TRX pet policy are under consideration as the company intends to expand it’s workforce from 120 to 300 employees. The company may introduce a sign-up, limiting the total number of dogs to the current two to three per floor. No matter the changes, though, dog swill remain a fixture in the company. "Dogs were part of the fabric from the very beginning," says Hetrik. "And they'll be here until the very end. I like having these dogs around."
1.[选词填空]Lurie believes that a dog-friendly person is a customer-friendly person.
    2.[选词填空]TRX is considering adjusting its pet policy as it intends to increase the number of its employees.
      • 解题思路:[O]段第l句提到,随着TRX准备把员工人数从120增加到300,公司也在考虑调整宠物政策。题目中的is considering与文中的are under consideration对应,its pet policy与the TRX pet policy对应.as it intends to与as the company intends to 对应,increase the number of its employees与expand its workforce from 120 To 300 employees对应,故本题正是对该句的转述。
      3.[选词填空]The American Hunan Association advises companies to make and highlight clear rules in their transition to dog-friendly companies.
        • 解题思路:[L]段第2句提到,美国慈善协会建议公司在过渡期应该制订并强调清晰的规矩。题目中的advises companies to与文中的advising companies和suggests对应,in their transition to dog—friendly companies与in this transition对应(其中this指代前一句提到的introducing a dog.friendly work environment .故本题正是对该句的转述。
        4.[选词填空]We can lean from the study by the American Pet Products Manufacturers Association that more businesses welcome pets in the workplace.
          • 解题思路:[B]段第2句提到,根据美国宠物用品制造商协会的调查,虽然目前只有17%的美国雇主允许动物进入工作场所,但营造接纳宠物(特别是宠物狗.的环境正在不断发展。也就是说,越来越多的企业欢迎宠物进入工作场所,故本题正是对该句的转述。
          5.[选词填空]To some degree, the low turnover rate of One Call Now was attributed to its pet-friendly policy.
            • 解题思路:[F]段第2、3句提到,在过去的两年中,0ne Call Now只有百分之二到三的员工流失率。吕里把这个小数字部分归功于办公室的宠物。题目中的To some degree与该段第3句提到的in part对应.the low turnover rate of One Call Now was attributed t0与attributes this small number…t0对应,其中的the low turnover rate of One Call Now对应this small number(指代第2句提到的a two or three percent turnover rate .故本题正是对这两句的概括。
            6.[选词填空]Schnackenberg says that dogs' being with their owners throughout the day is good for dogs' emotional well-being.
              • 解题思路:[H]段最后一句提到施纳肯贝格的看法:从情绪健康的角度看,让狗跟主人整天待在一起有助于狗的健康。由此可知,施纳肯贝格认为让狗和主人整天待在一起有助于狗的情绪健康,故本题是对该句的转述。
              7.[选词填空]According to Squires, people who don't like dogs are not fit for her company The Squires Group.
                • 解题思路:[K]段提到The Squires Group的观点:如果一个人跟狗无法相处,那么,公司别的方面也会有这个人无法适应的地方。我不是说他们不好或不适合其他公司,但他们真的不太适合我们公司。题目中的people who don’t like dogs与该段中的people don’t do dogs对应,are not fit for与wouldn’t fit对应,故本题正是对该段信息的概括。
                8.[选词填空]According to advocates of animals in the workplaces, dogs in the office won't distract employees from their work.
                  • 解题思路:[D]段第l句提到,有人觉得有狗在身边会分散注意力,但支持带宠物上班的人看法却正好相反,也就是说,支持带宠物上班的人认为狗在身边不会分散员工的注意力,故本题正是对该信息的转述。
                  9.[选词填空]Leib Lurie realised he should change the company to be pet-friendly when his pet dog showed up in the office daily.
                    • 解题思路:[A]段第4句提到,在每个没有被带到办公室的日子里,它(即吕里的狗艾维.都持续穿行这段距离,于是吕里意识到是时候改变一下公司的政策了,题目中的his pet dog showed up in the office daily对应该句中提到的he continued to make the trip each day,故本题正是对该句的转述。
                    10.[选词填空]According to G5 CEO Dan Hobin, employees can bring their dogs to work as long as they thrive with their dogs' company.
                      • 解题思路:[C]段最后一句提到G5公司的首席执行官丹·霍宾的看法:我们试图创造一种提升员工自由度和有助于他们生活健康的文化……如果这种文化需要带狗上班,那就带它来。由此可知,员工可以带狗上班的前提是狗的陪伴有助于员工生活健康,故本题正是对该句的转述。
                      • 参考答案:I,O,L,B,F,H,K,D,A,O
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