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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section C】
试题内容
Sugar cane was once a wild grass that grew in New Guinea and was used by local people for roofing their houses and fencing their gardens. Gradually a different variety evolved which contained sucrose (蔗糖)and was chewed on for its sweet taste. Over time, sugar cane became a highly valuable commercial plant, grown throughout the world.(1) 
Sugar became a vital ingredient in all kinds of things, from confectionery (糖果点心) to medicine, and, as the demand for sugar grew, the industry became larger and-more profitable..( 2)Many crops withered (枯萎)and died, despite growers, attempts to save them, and there were fears that the health of the plant would continue to deteriorate. 
In the 1960s, scientists working in Barbados looked for ways to make the commercial species stronger and more able to resist disease. They experimented with breeding programmers, mixing genes from the wild species of sugar cane, which tends to be tougher, with genes from the more delicate, commercial type.( 3)This sugar cane is not yet ready to be sold commercially, but when this happens, it is expected to be incredibly profitable for the industry. 
( 4) Brazil, which produces one quarter of the world's sugar, has coordinated an international project under Professor Paulo Arrudo of the Universidade Estaudual de Campinas in Sao Paulo. Teams of experts have worked with him to discover more about which parts of the genetic structure of the plant are important for the production of sugar and its overall health. 
Despite all the research, however, we still do not fully understand how the genes function in sugar cane.( 5)This gene is particularly exciting because it makes the plant resistant to rust, a disease which probably originated in India, but is now capable of infecting sugar cane across the world. Scientists believe they will eventually be able to grow a plant which cannot be destroyed by rust. 

A. Unfortunately, however, the plant started to become weaker and more prone to disease. 
B. Sugar cane was now much vigorous and the supply of sugar is therefore more guaranteed. 
C. One major gene has been identified by Dr Angelique D'Hont and her team in Montpelier, France. 
D. The majority of the world's sugar now comes from this particular commercial species. 
E. Since the 1960s, scientists have been analysing the mysteries of the sugar cane's genetic code. 
F. The sugar cane's genetic code has been found by a farmer in 1950. 
G. Eventually, a commercial plant was developed which was 5 percent sweeter than before, but also much stronger and less likely to die from disease. 
1.[选词填空]
    • 解题思路:一句讲到糖是所有东西的一个重要成分,因此对糖的需求在增长,下一句说到“尽管种植者试图拯救它们,仍有许多作物枯萎死亡”。由此可知,空格处与前面形成转折关系,故选A。
    2.[选词填空]下一句说到“该基因特别令人兴奋,因为它使植物可以抵抗锈病”,由此可知,空格处应是跟基因相关的内容,故选C。
      3.[选词填空]
        • 解题思路:上一句说到“科学家尝试不同的育种,用更微妙的商业型甘蔗基因进行混合”,下一句说到“这种甘蔗还没有准备好进行商业销售”。由此可知,空格处应是科学家培养出了一个新品种的甘蔗,选项F与上下文联系最紧密,故选G。
        4.[选词填空]
          • 解题思路:上一句讲到这种甘蔗还不能大量出售,但一旦能够出售,将会产生难以置信的利润;下一句说到“巴西出产世界食糖的四分之一。它已经在位于圣保罗的坎皮纳斯大学的保罗·阿鲁多教授的负责下,发起一项国际合作项目”。由此可知,空格处应是讲这种甘蔗的现状和优势,科学家才研究它的基因,选项B与上下文联系最紧密,故选B。
          5.[选词填空]
            • 解题思路:上一句说到“随着时间的推移,甘蔗成为一个生长在世界各地的非常有价值的商业作物”,下一句说到“糖在各种事物中都是一种重要成分,从糖果到药物”。由此可知,空格处应讲甘蔗和糖的关系,选项D与上下文联系最紧密,故选D。
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            • 参考答案:A,C,G,B,D
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