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  • 试题题型【阅读理解Section D】
试题内容
    It’s our guilty pleasure: Watching TV is the most common everyday activity,after work and sleep, in many parts of the world. Americans view five hours of TV each day, and while we know that spending so much time sitting ___1___ can lead to obesity(肥胖症) and other diseases, researchers have now quantified just how___2___being a couch potato can be.

  In an analysis of data from eight large ___3___published studies, a Harvard-led group reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association that for every two hours per day spent channel ___4__,the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes(糖尿病)rose 20% over 8.5 years, the risk of heart disease increased 15% over a ___5__, and the odds of dying permaturely___6__ 13% during a seven-year follow-up .All of these___7____are linked to a lack of physical exercise. But compared with other sedentary(久坐的)activities, like knitting ,viewing TV may be especially__8___at promoting unhealthy habits. For one, the sheer number of hours we pass watching TV dwarfs the time we spend on anything else. And other studies have found that watching ads for beer and popcorn may make you more likely to ___9___them.

  Even so, the authors admit that they didn’t compare different sedentary activities to ___10___whether TV watching was linked to a greater risk of diabetes,heart disease or clearly death compared with, say, reading.

A) climbed
B) consume
C) decade
D) determine
E) effective
F) harmful
G) outcomes
H) passively
I) previously
J) resume
K) suffered
L) surfing
M) term
N) terminals
O) twisting

1.[选词填空]___
    • 解题思路:不定式,应该填一个动词原形。作者承认他们还没有比较出哪种久坐型活动决定着心脏病等症状的出现。
    2.[选词填空]___
      • 解题思路:原句为how harmful being a couch potato can be. couch potato沙发土豆指的是总是长时间坐在沙发边吃边看电视而慢慢变成“土豆形”身材的人。
      3.[选词填空]___
        • 解题思路:由空前的may be especially可推出需要填入一个形容词,由文意可知填入effective。和其他的久坐型的活动比起来,促成不健康习惯的养成,看电视带来的效果特别明显。
        4.[选词填空]___
          • 解题思路:channel surfing,每天花两小时搜频道。
          5.[选词填空]___
            • 解题思路:成分完整,缺少状语修饰sitting,选passively。
            6.[选词填空]___
              • 解题思路:从八个终端terminals上所获取的数据分析。
              7.[选词填空]___
                • 解题思路:climbed 提升了13%。
                8.[选词填空]___
                  • 解题思路:这里的be动词前面应该是名词短语作主语,应填入名词,选G,all of these outcomes。
                  9.[选词填空]___
                    • 解题思路:make sb. likely to do sth. 应填入动词原形,consume使你更有可能去消费它们。
                    10.[选词填空]___
                      • 解题思路:空后面是逗号,就只能从前面获得信息;空前面是不定冠词a,应填入一个名词。填ddecade和前面的8.5years相对应。
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                      • 参考答案:D,F,E,L,H,N,A,G,B,C
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